PENGARUH SELF ESTEEM, OPTIMISME DAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL TERHADAP PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING GURU HONORER SDN KABUPATEN SERANG

  • Imam Noviantoro UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
  • Gazi Saloom UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
Keywords: Psychological well-being, self-esteem, optimisme, social support, guru honorer

Abstract

Psychological well-being adalah keadaan dimana individu mampu menerima keadaan dirinya secara positif, baik keadaan yang sedang dijalaninya saat ini maupun pengalaman hidupnya termasuk pengalaman yang dianggapnya tidak menyenangkan dan menerima semua itu sebagai bagian dari dirinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk untuk melihat apakah self esteem, optimisme dan social support secara bersama-sama mempengaruhi psychological well-being guru honorer SDN Kabupaten Serang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 221 guru honorer SDN Kabupaten Serang. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 210 guru honorer. Pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tekhnik purposive sampling. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan kuantitatif. Validitas alat ukur dalam penelitian ini diuji dengan Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Analisis data menggunakan multiple regression analysis (regresi berganda). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa self esteem, optimisme dan social support secara bersama-sama mempengaruhi psychological well-being. Variabel self esteem dan optimisme berpengaruh signifikan terhadap psychological well-being. Sedangkan variabel dukungan emosional, dukungan penghargaan, dukungan instrumental, dukungan informasi, dukungan kelompok, tidak terbukti secara statistik berpengaruh terhadap psychological well-being. Penelitian selanjutnya disarankan untuk memilih populasi  di suatu tempat atau beberapa area saja agar lebih terarah.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bentea, C., Anghelache, V. “Teachers Motivation and Satisfaction for Professional Activity”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, no. 33 (2012) 563 – 567.
Briner, R., & Dewberry, C. “Staff Well-Being is Key To School Success”. Hamilton House, Mabledon Place, (2007) London.
Coopersmith. The antecedent of self esteem (Consulting : Psychologist Press 1998).
Cropanzano, R., Wright, T.A. “When a Happy Worker is Really a Productive” worker: A review and further refinement of the happy-productive worker thesis. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, (2001) 53,182-99.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. “Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress”. Psychological Bulletin, no 125 (1999)., 276–302.
Huppert, F. A. “Psychological Well-being: Evidence Regarding its Causes and Consequences”. Journal compilation International Association of Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, no 1 (2009). 137–164.
Mabekoje, S. O. “Psychological Well-Being Among Nigerian Teachers: A Discriminant Function Analysis”. Journal of Research in Counseling Psychology, no. 1 (2003). 48-57.
Padhy, M., Chelli, K., & Padiri, R. A. “Optimism and Psychological Well-Being of Police Officers with Different Work Experiences”. Sage Journal (2015).
Rahmania. “Hubungan antara self esteem dengan kecenderungan body dysmorphic disorder pada remaja putrid”. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis dan Kesehatan Mental, Vol. 1 No. 02, (2012).
Roffey, S. Positive Relationships: Evidence Based Practice across the world. (London: Springer. 2012).
Rosenberg, M, Schooler, C, Schoenbach, C & Rosenberg, F. “Global Self Esteem And Specific Self-Esteem: Different Concepts, Different Outcomes”. American Sociological Review. 60, (1), (1995). 141-156.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. “On Happiness and Human Potentials: A Review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being”. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, (2001). 141–166.
Ryff, C. D. “Psychological Well-Being in Adult Life” Current Directions In Psychological Science, vol 4 (1995). 99-104.
Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H. “Psychological Well-Being, Meaning, Measurement and Implication for Psychotherapy Research”. Psychotherapy Psychosomatic, 65, (1996). 14-23.
Ryff, C.D. “Happiness Is Everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of Psychological Well-Being”. Journal of Pwersonality and Social Psychology. Univerwity of Wisconsin. Vol. 57, No.6 (1989). 1069-1081.
Ryff, D. & Keyes, C. L. “The Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, no. 69. (1995). 719-727.
Ryff, D. Singer, & Burton. From Social Structure to Biology : Integrative Science in Pursuit of Human Health and Well-Being. Dalam Snyder, Lopez. Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York : Oxford University Press, Inc (2002).
Sarafino, E. P. Health psychology biopsychological interaction. Two Edition. (New John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2002).
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. “Distinguishing Optimism From Neuroticism (and Trait Anxiety, Self-Mastery, and Self-Esteem): A Reevaluation of The Life Orientation Test”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67 (6) (1994). 1063-1078.
Scheier, M.F., & Carver, C. S. “Optimism, Coping, And Health: Assessment And Implications Of Generalized Outcome Expectancies”. Health Psychology, no. 4 (1985). 219–247.
Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. Feelings and phenomenal experiences. Dalam E. T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology, Handbook of basic principles (433–465). (New York : Guilford. 1996).
Smet, B. Psikologi Kesehatan. (Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia, 1994).
Snyder C. R. & Lopez, Shane J. Handbook of Positive Psychology. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002)
Waddell, G. & Burton, A.K. Is work good for your health and well-being. London: The Stationery Office 2006). Steinberg, Lawrence. Adolescence. Sixth edition. (New York: McGraw Hill Inc 2002).
Published
2020-02-12
Section
Articles